A chemical peel can help get rid of a number of skin issues, such as hyperpigmentation, acne scars, and wrinkles. The process involves applying a safe acid solution such as trichloroacetic acid, phenol, or hydroxy acids to the person’s face. These chemicals gradually exfoliate the outer layers of dead skin, revealing fresh, radiant, and youthful skin.
Chemical peels can be broadly categorized into three types:
Superficial peel: Also known as a lunchtime peel, superficial peels are recommended for people with minor skin imperfections. Mild acids such as alpha-hydroxy acid are applied to problem areas. These acids penetrate the outer layer of skin to treat mild discoloration and more.
Medium peel: These peels typically include glycolic or trichloroacetic acid that penetrates the outer and middle layer of skin to get rid of dead and damaged cells. Medium peels are used for treating age spots, wrinkles, freckles, fine lines, and medium skin discoloration.
Deep peel: Deep peels are often recommended for people with major facial-skin issues. For a more sustainable result, a stronger acid such as trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to the face. These acids deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin and help in getting rid of skin imperfections such as age spots, shallow scars, and moderate lines.